The Pronunciation of Esperanto

Certain letters may be pronounced in English in only one way. These are: b, d, f, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, z. They are pronounced the same way in Esperanto, the “r” however being rolled more then in English.

There are five vowels, but unlike English, they have only one sound. As near as can presented on paper they have the following sounds:

  • A as in father
  • E as in let
  • I as in pin
  • O as in for
  • U as oo in root

Other letters are:

  • C like ts in bits
  • Ĉ like ch in church
  • G as g in go
  • Ĝ as g in germ
  • H as ch in loch
  • Ĥ as h in hard
  • J as y in yes
  • Ĵ as s in pleasure
  • S as in see
  • Ŝ as sh in she
  • Ŭ as u in persuade

The sounds are constant, there are no exceptions. Esperanto does not use q, w, x, y. This sounds are represented by kv, u, ks, j. There are no silent letters.

There are some doubble letter combinations, e.g.;

  • AJ as ai in aisle
  • EJ as ei in weight
  • OJ as oy in boy
  • UJ as ui in alleluia
  • AŬ as ow in cow
  • EŬ as ayw in wayward

The accent is always on the next to last syllabe in all words: esPEro, PAtro, heROo, lokomoTIvo, teleFOno.

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