The Republic of Guiné-Bissau is (officially) a Portuguese-speaking country located in the western coast of Africa, sharing borders with Senegal and the Republic of Guinea.
Scouting was introduced in Portuguese Guiné in the year 1966, through the Catholic Church and the direct action of Father Artur Carreira das Neves. His aim was to provide young people with non-formal education based on the principles and methods of the Scout Movement. This led to the creation of Corpo Nacional de Escutas Guiné-Bissau – Catholic Scouting, which was forbidden in 1974, after the independence of the country and the installation of a unitary regime.
In 1993, along with the liberalisation and democratisation of the country, two Scout associations were raised, namely Corpo Nacional de Escutas da Guiné-Bissau (CNE-GB) and Organização dos Escuteiros da Guiné-Bissau (OEGB).
To fulfil the requirements of membership in the World Organization of the Scout Movement, the two associations signed an initial Memorandum of Understanding in January 2012 and, after an agreement in May 2016, which constituted the basis for a merge that gave place to only one Scout association: Escuteiros da Guiné-Bissau (EGB).
EGB is a voluntary, non-political, educational movement for young people open to all without distinction of gender, origin, race or creed, in accordance with the purpose, principles and method conceived by the founder of Scouting. Its aim is to contribute to the development of young people by supporting them in achieving their full potential as responsible citizens and members of their communities.
EGB is composed of 34 local groups spread throughout the country, with a total membership 9,698 individuals, including leaders. These groups can be pluri-confessional or linked to a certain religion. Traditionally, each local group is composed of four units, one for each age section (Cubs, Scouts, Ventures and Rovers). The coordination of EGB is done by a National Team (Direção Nacional) elected on a regular basis, in accordance with the statutes.
The Republic of San Marino is an enclaved microstate surrounded by Italy, and situated on the Italian Peninsula on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. Established in 301 CE, San Marino claims to be the oldest extant sovereign state as well as the oldest constitutional republic in the world. It comprises 61 square kilometres and has a population of 33,562.
Scouting has been present in the territory of San Marino since the early days of Scouting, but was officially created in 1990 when AGECS was accepted as an Accredited NSO at the World Scout Conference in Paris. Prior to this there were close links with AGESCI in Italy, and those links remain strong.
Scouting is offered to young people aged eight to 11 years, called Lupetti (male) and Coccinelle (female); to young people aged 11 to 16 years, called Esploratori (male) and Guide (female); and Rover (male) and Scolta (female) for those 16 to 21 years. All three sections are present in all three groups.
There are three Scout Groups totalling 240 young people and 40 adults operating in three of the castles, or districts, of the local administration. Leader training is provided by their own Leader Trainers who work in conjunction with the adjacent AGESCI district to give depth of experience.
Its programme is developed in projects to take a holistic approach to programme development and based on an educational plan designed by the community of leaders for normally three years with constant revisions. Social issues are dealt with on a regular basis – the issue of drugs, and preparation for a local referendum being two topics seen during the visits made. Community service is provided through regular support for outreach programmes – drugs rehabilitation, inter-generational schemes assisting older members of the community, and public and civic service during events.
AGECS members have been regular participants to all World Scout Jamborees since achieving their Accredited NSO status. They are part of the Small Nations group in the European Region, participating in the Small Nations Jamborees.
In September 2003, a delegation from the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM) and the Asia-Pacific Region (APR) visited Timor-Leste for the first time and began to coordinate the establishment of União Nacional dos Escuteiros de Timor-Leste (UNE-TL).
Following the drafting of the Constitution and By-Laws, with the help of the APR office, the first General Assembly was organised in Timor-Leste. Subsequently, the new Constitution and By-Laws were adopted, officers elected and the National Scout Organization formed.
After a three-year absence, Scouting was relaunched in the country after the Timor-Leste government signed a declaration on 20 April 2009, recognising UNE-TL or the Scout Association of Timor Leste.
In 2010, the APR office requested Scouts Australia to assist with the growth and development of Scouting in Timor-Leste, and to prepare the association for WOSM membership. Its application for membership on 22 March 2017 was endorsed by the World Scout Committee and approved on 22 June 2017.